Kata - the structure

  1. 分解 Bunkai (Disassembly)
    This could also be called analysis, but I want you to think of it as breaking down 'sections' for analysis. Each movement in a kata has a purpose (even transitional movements). Don't take a simply glance at movements. Be analytical in your approach, try to notice every detail.
  2. 分析 Bunseki (Analysis)
    Once we have a sequence of say, two to five movements, we study what they are used for and why? After disassembling - try to determine what that sequence would be used for, not just the individual movements, but how that sequence would be used in an defensive situation. Remember, use your imagination, there is no set defence or pattern.
  3. 応用 Ōyo (Application - to put in practise)
    We then put what we have learned and studied into individual practise. Once analysed - we need to see if we can make it work the same as our assumption from the aforementioned analysis. If there are irregularities - this is where it will show up. You can also determine your own strengths and weaknesses at this stage.

Using this structure - you will better your understanding of kata and thereby - the performance of the same.